What is a sentence?
A sentence is group of words which express a statement, question or command. A sentence usually has a verb and a subject and may be a simple sentence, consisting of one clause, or a complex sentence, consisting of two or more clauses. A sentence in writing has a capital letter at the beginning and a full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark at the end.
Kinds of Sentences
Sentences are of four kinds:
- Those which make statements or assertions; as,
- Humpty Dumpty sat on a
- Those which ask questions; as,
- Where do you live?
- Those which express commands, requests, or entreaties; as,
- Be quite. Have mercy upon us.
- Those which express strong feelings; as,
- How cold the night is! What a shame!
In a typical grammar language! :
- A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called a Declarative or Assertive
- A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative
- A sentence that expresses a command or an entreaty is called an Imperative
- A sentence that expresses strong feeling is called an Exclamatory
SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
Generally when we make a sentence:
- We name some person or thing; and
- Say something about that person or
In other words, we must have a subject to speak about and we must say or predicate something about that subject.
Hence every sentence has two parts:
- The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about. This is called the Subject of the
- The part which tells something about the Subject. This is called the Predicate of the sentence.
- The Subject of a sentence usually comes first, but occasionally it is put after the Predicate; as,
Here comes the bus.
Sweet are the uses of adversity. (A famous maxim from Shakespeare’s classic play “As you like it”.)
- In Imperative sentences the Subject is left out; as, Sit down. [Here the Subject You is understood]. Thank him. [Here too the Subject You is understood]